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Roses that can take Sacramento heat and still look good

Lighter-colored blooms tend to cope better with triple-digit temperatures

Neon-yellow rose bloom
Neon-yellow Shockwave easily handles Sacramento summer heat. (Photos: Debbie Arrington)

Some roses can take the heat better than others. I see proof of that all over my garden.

This heat wave has been a real test of rose fortitude under stressful conditions. Many bushes have sunburned leaves. Blooms on most of my hybrid teas are about half the size of normal; a cut back in irrigation during this drought-plagued summer is contributing to that issue.

But a few bushes have actually thrived during this high heat – and that prompted an in-depth discussion with Farmer Fred Hoffman for his “Beyond Basics: The Garden Basics with Farmer Fred Newsletter.”

That discussion became fodder for his latest post, “Roses That Can Take the Heat.”

“Sacramento (City Motto: “At Least It’s a Dry Heat”) is no stranger to prolonged, triple-digit heat waves, which can occur anytime from May through September,” Hoffman wrote in his introduction. “So, the area is a good testing ground for roses that maintain their color, health and vigor throughout spring, summer – and sometimes fall – heat waves. One trait many of these have in common: these rose bushes produce light-colored blooms of white, pink or yellow.”

Butter-yellow rose bloom
The butter-yellow blooms of the Julia Child rose hold their
color in heat.

Due to their darker color, most red roses absorb more heat and are among the first to scorch. Or they open rapidly and quickly brown.

Lighter blooms tend to reflect that excess heat and stand up better to high temperatures. Of course, there are exceptions. (In this weather, Pink Promise, a light pink hybrid tea, immediately fades to dirty cream with brown edges.)

Which rose varieties stand up to the heat, keep blooming and looking great? Two yellow floribundas top my list: Julia Child and Shockwave. Most yellow roses tend to fade as they open, but both of these varieties hold their golden color. Julia Child has a more buttery hue (appropriate for its namesake) while Shockwave borders on neon. In addition to good color, both floribundas have beautiful, bright green, disease-resistant foliage that’s resistant to sunburn, too.

Among the best known heat-busting roses is Iceberg. This white floribunda fills parking lot borders throughout California; it can take pollution as well as high temperatures. It’s also drought tolerant, needing only weekly irrigation to keep blooming strong.

Apricot-pink rose bloom
Daybreaker has the colors of a sunrise.
Another sun- and heat-loving floribunda in my garden is Day Breaker. Its apricot-peach blooms look like sunrise; no two are alike. All summer, the foliage has stayed bright green and healthy.

Landscape shrub roses such as the Drift series (Peach Drift, Apricot Drift, etc.) and Knockout roses (Double Knockout, Home Run, etc.) have built-in heat and drought tolerance. These roses stay short (under 2 to 3 feet) and are “self cleaning,” meaning they drop spent flowers as they age out; no deadheading necessary.

Of the big roses, First Prize – a neon-pink hybrid tea – has kept its bloom color all summer (although its foliage is showing some signs of sunburn).

Most of the miniature roses have done OK, mostly because the blooms and whole plants are smaller. They also benefit from a little shade from nearby bigger bushes. The best of the heat-busting minis is the appropriately named Joy, a spectacular little gem. Its cream-colored blooms are edged with bright purple-pink.

To listen to Fred’s podcast and read his newsletter: .


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Dig In: Garden Checklist

For week of Sept. 24:

This week our weather will be just right for fall gardening. What are you waiting for?

* Now is the time to plant for fall. The warm soil will get these veggies off to a fast start.

* Keep harvesting tomatoes, peppers, squash, melons and eggplant. Tomatoes may ripen faster off the vine and sitting on the kitchen counter.

* Compost annuals and vegetable crops that have finished producing.

* Cultivate and add compost to the soil to replenish its nutrients for fall and winter vegetables and flowers.

* Fertilize deciduous fruit trees.

* Plant onions, lettuce, peas, radishes, turnips, beets, carrots, bok choy, spinach and potatoes directly into the vegetable beds.

* Transplant cabbage, broccoli, kale, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower as well as lettuce seedlings.

* Sow seeds of California poppies, clarkia and African daisies.

* Transplant cool-weather annuals such as pansies, violas, fairy primroses, calendulas, stocks and snapdragons.

* Divide and replant bulbs, rhizomes and perennials. That includes bearded iris; if they haven’t bloomed in three years, it’s time to dig them up and divide their rhizomes.

* Dig up and divide daylilies as they complete their bloom cycle.

* Divide and transplant peonies that have become overcrowded. Replant with “eyes” about an inch below the soil surface.

* Late September is ideal for sowing a new lawn or re-seeding bare spots.

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