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Take time for roses, indoors or out



Pink Promise and Secret roses take center stage in this mixed bouquet. Be sure to
enjoy your roses this spring! (Photos: Debbie Arrington)
Warm weather brings out blooms; how to make them last



It’s time to smell some roses!

This warm weather has prompted blooms to pop. Thousands of roses are bursting into full flower in major gardens around Sacramento. If you have roses in your own garden, undoubtedly they’re starting their spring show now, too.

Saturday would have been the annual Sacramento Rose Society show at McKinley Park. With the coronavirus shutdown, that show is on hold. But the 1,200 bushes are blooming in McKinley Park’s memorial rose garden, which is still open to the public. Get out for a socially distanced walk and enjoy that spring display.

From your own garden, gather some blooms to enjoy indoors. Flowers instantly lighten our mood and make us smile.

If you have enough flowers, share some with friends or neighbors. You can leave bouquets (in a jar of water or other vase substitute) on their porch and ring the doorbell. The recipient can get your gift with no contact.

With no rose show this weekend, a rose-growing friend made eight little bouquets for her home-bound neighbors, arranging each in a recycled jar tied with a bow. I’m sure she brightened everybody’s day.

Here are some tips on how to make your bouquets last longer:

* Always use a clean container. Rinse out the vase or jar before using.

Friendship roses make a beautiful bouquet.
* After bringing in your flowers, re-trim the stems underwater. This eliminates any air bubbles that may clog the stem and prevent it from sucking up water. The easiest way is in a bowl of water; snip off an inch or two of the stem beneath the water’s surface.

* When trimming stems, cut at an angle. This keeps the stems from standing flat on the bottom of the vase, which can block their ability to take up water.

* Remove any foliage that will be below the water line in the vase. This helps prevent bacterial rot, which smells awful and shortens the life of the flowers.

* Change the vase water every two to three days. Re-trim stems (under water again) each time you change water.

* Avoid putting the flowers in direct sunlight or near heat sources (such as a stove or other appliances). Also avoid putting blooms near fresh apples, pears, bananas or stone fruit; they release ethylene gas, which can cause flowers to open faster but also shortens their vase life.

Is there anything that will make your bouquet last longer?

According to professional florists, a teaspoon of commercial flower food added to the water will help keep blooms fresher and lasting longer. So will a cold and chilly room. (That’s why florists keep flowers refrigerated.)

To make bouquets last longer, people often suggest home remedies such as adding to the vase water sugar and vinegar, a splash of vodka, aspirin or copper pennies.

A test by ProFlowers found only one that actually worked: One-quarter cup of clear soda (such as 7-Up or Sprite) added to the vase water helped the bouquet last up to 10 days. It’s the sugar in the soda that does the trick; diet beverages won’t work.

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Garden Checklist for week of July 7

Take care of garden chores early in the morning, concentrating on watering. We’re still in survival mode until this heat wave breaks.

* Keep your vegetable garden watered, mulched and weeded. Water before 8 a.m. to conserve moisture.

* Prevent sunburn; provide temporary shade for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, melons, squash and other crops with “sensitive” skin.

* Hold off on feeding plants until temperatures cool back down to “normal” range. That means daytime highs in the low to mid 90s.

* Don’t let tomatoes wilt or dry out completely. Give tomatoes a deep watering two to three times a week. Harvest vegetables promptly to encourage plants to produce more.

* Squash especially tends to grow rapidly in hot weather. Keep an eye on zucchini.

* Some weeds thrive in hot weather. Whack them before they go to seed.

* Pinch back chrysanthemums for bushy plants and more flowers in September.

* Harvest tomatoes, squash, peppers and eggplant. Prompt picking will help keep plants producing.

* Remove spent flowers from roses, daylilies and other bloomers as they finish flowering.

* Pinch off blooms from basil so the plant will grow more leaves.

* Cut back lavender after flowering to promote a second bloom.

* One good thing about hot days: Most lawns stop growing when temperatures top 95 degrees. Keep mower blades set on high.

* Once the weather cools down a little, it’s not too late to add a splash of color. Plant petunias, snapdragons, zinnias and marigolds.

* After the heat wave, plant corn, pumpkins, radishes, winter squash and sunflowers. Make sure the seeds stay hydrated.

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