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Happy Earth Day! 5 easy ways to celebrate

Helping the planet starts in our own space

It's always nice to see a lady beetle at work in the garden.
(Photo: Kathy Morrison)

I like to think that the readers of this blog are planet-aware enough to already be using earth-friendly practices with their plants and with their gardens.

So let's celebrate Earth Day today by encouraging family, neighbors or friends to try one of these easy ways to help battered old Mother Earth:

-- Compost. All those kitchen scraps and fallen leaves that end up in the green waste or (horrors!) the trash bin could be working right at home. It really doesn't take much to create the "garden gold" that enriches the soil, just organic matter, water and air. Share this composting guide .

And if someone doesn't have space for a compost bin, they can try worm composting. Worms just need a big plastic bin and some bedding material, and they'll happily transform those potato peelings and apple cores into worm castings, which are MAGIC in the garden. Here's my blog post from last fall about my worm bin. (Those red wigglers are still going strong, by the way). And here's the Sacramento County master gardeners' guide to setting up a worm bin.

-- Feed the soil. That compost? Best thing a gardener can add to problem soil. It will help lighten clay and provide structure to sand, in addition to improving the soil's water-holding capacity. That in turn helps plants send out better, stronger roots. Worm castings spread over the top of the soil will leach down and improve it, too. Helping the soil always is a win-win proposition.

-- Plant something for the beneficials. Urban life is tough on all the small but important insects that make the outdoor world work, such as hoverflies, lacewings, damsel bugs and parasitic mini-wasps.And the rock star of the group, lady beetles. Many of them dine voraciously on the "bad bugs" -- so much better than using insecticides. So add to the garden some plants that give these little insects food and resting spots.  Suggestions: Flowering herbs, cosmos, yarrow and goldenrod. See this list for more ideas.

-- Switch to natural fertilizers. Fertilizers are confusing to most people, so they grab whatever seems right, whatever the source. But one of the most important things I learned last year in master gardener classes is that while plants themselves don't care where their nutrients come from, the soil will care immensely . Chemical fertilizers boost the plants -- sometimes too much -- but do little to aid the soil or the microorganisms that live there. Look for fertilizers based on natural ingredients such as fish emulsion, alfalfa meal, chicken manure, blood meal and cottonseed meal. (I'm now one of those people who stands in the nursery aisle reading package ingredients.)

-- Plant a tree. It's an Earth Day cliché, but that's because it's true. Trees clean the air, anchor the soil, give shelter to birds and other wildlife, and provide shade to homes and gardens. Even a small one helps.  The Sacramento Tree Foundation would be happy to help anyone choose the right tree .

Bonus way to celebrate that anyone can do: Take 5 minutes to discover something new in your garden. Explore the shapes of the oak leaves or marvel at the color gradations in a flower petal. It's an astonishing world and we are so lucky to be its caretakers.


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Dig In: Garden checklist for week of Jan. 29

Bundle up and get work done!

* Prune, prune, prune. Now is the time to cut back most deciduous trees and shrubs. The exceptions are spring-flowering shrubs such as lilacs.

* Now is the time to prune fruit trees, except apricot and cherry trees. Clean up leaves and debris around the trees to prevent the spread of disease.

* Prune roses, even if they’re still trying to bloom or sprouting new growth. Strip off any remaining leaves, so the bush will be able to put out new growth in early spring.

* Prune Christmas camellias (Camellia sasanqua), the early-flowering varieties, after their bloom. They don’t need much, but selective pruning can promote bushiness, upright growth and more bloom next winter. Feed with an acid-type fertilizer. But don’t feed your Japonica camellias until after they finish blooming next month. Feeding while camellias are in bloom may cause them to drop unopened buds.

* Clean up leaves and debris around your newly pruned roses and shrubs. Put down fresh mulch or bark to keep roots cozy.

* Apply horticultural oil to fruit trees to control scale, mites and aphids. Oils need 24 hours of dry weather after application to be effective.

* This is also the time to spray a copper-based oil to peach and nectarine trees to fight leaf curl. Avoid spraying on windy days.

* Divide daylilies, Shasta daisies and other perennials.

* Cut back and divide chrysanthemums.

* Plant bare-root roses, trees and shrubs.

* Transplant pansies, violas, calendulas, English daisies, snapdragons and fairy primroses.

* In the vegetable garden, plant fava beans, head lettuce, mustard, onion sets, radicchio and radishes.

* Plant bare-root asparagus and root divisions of rhubarb.

* In the bulb department, plant callas, anemones, ranunculus and gladiolus for bloom from late spring into summer.

* Plant blooming azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons. If you’re shopping for these beautiful landscape plants, you can now find them in full flower at local nurseries.

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