Killer heat scorches Labor Day weekend; plan accordingly
A honey bee gets its work in early, collecting pollen from the Diablo cosmos flower on what will be another hot day.
Don’t let slightly cooler temperatures on Friday and Saturday fool you; this heat wave hasn’t hit its peak.
According to the National Weather Service, conditions for the next four days will be downright “dangerous.” An “extreme heat warning” is in effect for the Sacramento Valley and Sierra foothills from 11 a.m. Sunday through 8 p.m. Wednesday. A high of 115 degrees – which would be an all-time high for Sacramento – is possible.
“Very high risk of heat stress or illnesses for the entire population,” the weather service said Saturday. “Stay hydrated. Avoid being outdoors in the sun 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. … Stay in a cool place especially during the heat of the day.”
Those conditions are unsafe for animals of all kinds; keep pets indoors, too.
As for your garden, the best plan is to water early and deeply. Give plants the moisture they need to cope with this high heat. Container plantings are especially at risk; move pots to shady areas if possible.
With this heat also comes high fire danger. Do not use power tools or anything that could cause a spark to fly.
How hot can it get? The weather service predicts 112 degrees for Monday and Tuesday in Downtown Sacramento, although that could creep higher. Little relief will come after dark with overnight lows forecast in the mid 70s.
Temperature records likely will be set. Before this week, Sacramento’s hottest September day on record: 109 degrees.
Triple-digit highs will continue through Thursday before finally “cooling” to a mere 98 degrees Friday, says the weather service.
During this heat spell, take it easy outdoors and plan for cooler days ahead – like next week. The long-range forecast calls for low 90s by next Saturday and Sunday.
This week in the garden:
* Harvest tomatoes, peppers, squash, melons and eggplant. In this heat, pick sooner than later; they can turn overripe in a hurry.
* Compost annuals and vegetable crops that have finished producing.
* Deep-water shrubs and trees. Be on the lookout for plants stressed by this heat.
* In the morning, give plants a shower – especially if you see signs of spider mites. Take a hose and blast their webs off vines and bushes.
* Watch out for tomato hornworms. They love this heat, too.
* Indoors, start seedlings for fall vegetable planting, including bunching onion, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, radicchio and lettuce.
* Sow seeds of perennials in pots for fall planting including yarrow, coneflower and salvia.
* One good thing about hot days: Most lawns stop growing when temperatures top 95 degrees. Keep mower blades set on high.
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For week of June 4:
Because of the comfortable weather, it’s not too late to set out tomato and pepper seedlings as well as squash and melon plants. They’ll appreciate this not-too-hot weather. Just remember to water.
* From seed, plant corn, pumpkins, radishes, melons, squash and sunflowers.
* Plant basil to go with your tomatoes.
* Transplant summer annuals such as petunias, marigolds and zinnias.
* It’s also a good time to transplant perennial flowers including astilbe, columbine, coneflowers, coreopsis, dahlias, rudbeckia, salvia and verbena.
* Let the grass grow longer. Set the mower blades high to reduce stress on your lawn during summer heat. To cut down on evaporation, water your lawn deeply during the wee hours of the morning, between 2 and 8 a.m.
* Tie up vines and stake tall plants such as gladiolus and lilies. That gives their heavy flowers some support.
* Dig and divide crowded bulbs after the tops have died down.
* Feed summer flowers with a slow-release fertilizer.
* Mulch, mulch, mulch! This “blanket” keeps moisture in the soil longer and helps your plants cope during hot weather.
* Thin grapes on the vine for bigger, better clusters later this summer.
* Cut back fruit-bearing canes on berries.
* Feed camellias, azaleas and other acid-loving plants.
* Trim off dead flowers from rose bushes to keep them blooming through the summer. Roses also benefit from deep watering and feeding now. A top dressing of aged compost will keep them happy. It feeds as well as keeps roots moist.
* Pinch back chrysanthemums for bushier plants with many more flowers in September.
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