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Get ready for a big chill!

Sacramento region under freeze warning through Friday

Oranges, lemons and ripe limes in a basket
Harvest ripe citrus ahead of a long period of frost. Icy citrus can turn to mush when the sun warms it. (Photo: Kathy Morrison)

Are you ready for a big chill? Sacramento is about to get cold!

Widespread frost is forecast for the Sacramento region on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday mornings. Foothill communities could see overnight lows in the mid-20s.

A freeze warning will be in effect from 2 a.m. Wednesday to 9 a.m. Friday for all of the Sacramento Valley and northern San Joaquin Valley as well as the Mother Lode region and Delta communities, says the National Weather Service. Thursday morning before dawn is expected to see the lowest temperatures.

Expect “widespread areas of sub-freezing temperatures in the overnight and early morning hours,” says the weather service. “Frost and freeze conditions could kill crops, and other sensitive vegetation. Make sure pets have shelter from the cold. … Take steps now to protect tender plants from the cold.”

What makes this frost so dangerous is timing – both in duration and when. Areas could stay at or below freezing for six to eight hours, says the weather service. That’s enough chill to seriously damage or kill sensitive plants or seedlings.

The “when” part could have major consequences on harvests later this year. Many fruit and nut trees have already started blooming. This freeze could kill flower buds. The same goes for new growth on grapevines.

Also, honeybees need temperatures above 55 degrees to do their work. When blossoms open in frosty weather, they don’t get fertilized. This frost could be particularly rough on almond growers.

Harvest ripe citrus before the frost hits. Such long, cold periods can freeze oranges and lemons; when the sun warms that icy citrus, it will turn to mush.

Here are more frost tips:

* Deep-water sensitive plants; moisture in the soil can elevate temperatures just enough to prevent frost damage. The exception are succulents and cacti; pre-watering before frost can actually make damage worse.

* Frost injury occurs when ice crystals form on leaf surfaces and draw moisture out of the leaf. The damage from dehydration is what causes frost burn.

* Before the sun goes down, cover your sensitive plants with frost cloth, blankets or cloth sheets (not plastic) so radiant heat will help keep them cozy.

* Remember to uncover plants during the day (especially if it’s sunny) or they can be smothered by their frost protection.

* Move succulents in containers indoors or to sheltered areas if possible.

* Citrus trees (particularly young trees) tend to be susceptible to frost damage. Limes are the most frost-tender. Make sure they get some protection before frost hits.

* Wrap trunks of young citrus trees to insulate them from frost.

* Holiday lights – the old-fashioned kind that get hot, not LEDs – can help keep plants warm, too. Wrap a string of lights around the trunk and branches. Keep the lights on all night.

* Don’t overprotect. Plants are more frost-resistant if they’ve experienced some cold weather and winter hardening.

* If frost damage occurs, wait until March or April to prune off browned branches. That injured area will help protect the rest of the plant from additional frost burn.


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Garden Checklist for week of April 14

It's still not warm enough to transplant tomatoes directly in the ground, but we’re getting there.

* April is the last chance to plant citrus trees such as dwarf orange, lemon and kumquat. These trees also look good in landscaping and provide fresh fruit in winter.

* Smell orange blossoms? Feed citrus trees with a low dose of balanced fertilizer (such as 10-10-10) during bloom to help set fruit. Keep an eye out for ants.

* Apply slow-release fertilizer to the lawn.

* Thoroughly clean debris from the bottom of outdoor ponds or fountains.

* Spring brings a flush of rapid growth, and that means your garden needs nutrients. Fertilize shrubs and trees with a slow-release fertilizer. Or mulch with a 1-inch layer of compost.

* Azaleas and camellias looking a little yellow? If leaves are turning yellow between the veins, give them a boost with chelated iron.

* Trim dead flowers but not leaves from spring-flowering bulbs such as daffodils and tulips. Those leaves gather energy to create next year's flowers. Also, give the bulbs a fertilizer boost after bloom.

* Pinch chrysanthemums back to 12 inches for fall flowers. Cut old stems to the ground.

* Mulch around plants to conserve moisture and control weeds.

* From seed, plant beans, beets, cantaloupes, carrots, corn, cucumbers, melons, radishes and squash.

* Plant onion sets.

* In the flower garden, plant seeds for asters, cosmos, celosia, marigolds, salvia, sunflowers and zinnias.

* Transplant petunias, zinnias, geraniums and other summer bloomers.

* Plant perennials and dahlia tubers for summer bloom.

* Mid to late April is about the last chance to plant summer bulbs, such as gladiolus and tuberous begonias.

* Transplant lettuce seedlings. Choose varieties that mature quickly such as loose leaf.

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