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Dig In: Garden checklist for week of April 10

Cooler weather (and chance of rain) make for good planting conditions

Marigolds are popular floral additions to vegetable gardens. Grow them from seed
or find transplants of all colors. (Photo: Kathy Morrison)

How did your garden handle the heat?

Early spring flowers and tender new growth were no match for recent high temperatures. Combined with ultra-low humidity and dry winds, these conditions sucked the vitality out of tender shoots and flattened flowers before their time.

With so little rain so far this year, plants and soil are unusually dry. That also increases fire danger. Be extra careful when working outdoors; a single spark (from a lawnmower hitting a rock, for example) can ignite a wildfire – even in the city or suburbs.

Expect a huge cooldown and maybe even rain on Monday and Thursday, according to the National Weather Service. Sacramento’s forecast calls for a week full of days in the low to mid 60s – about 30 degrees cooler than last week’s peak.

Make the most of this cooler weather: Plant!

It’s finally time to set out those tomato transplants along with squash, peppers and eggplants. Pinch off any flowers on new transplants to make them concentrate on establishing roots instead of setting premature fruit.

Instead of setting out all your summer vegetables at once, stagger them over the next four weeks. That gives your garden a better chance of producing over a longer period as well as avoiding weather-related complications.

Make sure to keep seedlings and new transplants hydrated. Deep water trees and shrubs.

Other tasks for your garden to-do list:

* Weed, weed, weed! Get them out before they flower and go to seed. Those unwanted invaders are hogging water and space from the plants you want to grow.

* Mulch around plants to conserve moisture and control weeds.

* April is the last chance to plant citrus trees such as dwarf orange, lemon and kumquat. These trees also look good in landscaping and provide fresh fruit in winter.

* Feed shrubs and trees with a slow-release fertilizer. Or mulch with a 1-inch layer of aged compost.

* Azaleas and camellias looking a little yellow? If leaves are turning yellow between the veins, give them a boost with chelated iron.

* Trim dead flowers but not leaves from spring-flowering bulbs such as daffodils and tulips. Those leaves gather energy to create next year's flowers. Also, give the bulbs a fertilizer boost after bloom.

* Pinch chrysanthemums back to 12 inches for fall flowers. Cut old stems to the ground.

* Feed citrus with a low dose of balanced fertilizer during this month’s bloom and fruit set.

* From seed, plant beans, beets, carrots, corn, cucumbers, pumpkins, radishes and squash.

* Plant onion sets.

* In the flower garden, plant seeds for asters, cosmos, celosia, marigolds, salvia, sunflowers and zinnias.

* Transplant petunias, zinnias, geraniums and other summer bloomers.

* Plant perennials and dahlia tubers for summer bloom.

* Plant summer bulbs, such as gladiolus and tuberous begonias.


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Dig In: Garden checklist for week of Oct. 2

Plan to make the most of the mild weather in your garden.

* October is the best month to plant trees and shrubs.

* October also is the best time to plant perennials in our area. Add a little well-aged compost and bone meal to planting holes or beds, but hold off on other fertilizers until spring. Keep the transplants well-watered (but not wet) for the first month as they become settled.

* Now is the time to plant seeds for many flowers directly into the garden, including cornflower, nasturtium, nigella, poppy, portulaca, sweet pea and stock.

* Plant seeds for radishes, bok choy, mustard, spinach and peas.

* Plant garlic and onions.

* Set out cool-weather bedding plants, including calendula, pansy, snapdragon, primrose and viola.

* Reseed and feed the lawn. Work on bare spots.

* Dig up corms and tubers of gladioluses, dahlias and tuberous begonias after the foliage dies. Clean and store in a cool, dry place.

* Treat azaleas, gardenias and camellias with chelated iron if leaves are yellowing between the veins.

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